Ford Mustang Service Manual: Component Tests

Inspection and Verification

CAUTION: Do not hold the steering wheel (3600) at the stops for an extended amount of time. Damage to the power steering pump (3A674) will result.

NOTE: Make the following preliminary checks before repairing the steering system:

1. Verify the customer concern by operating the steering system.

2. Inspect Tires

  • Check the tire pressure. Refer to the Vehicle Certification (VC) label.
  • Verify that all tires are sized to specification.
  • Check the tires for damage or uneven wear.

3. Belt and Tensioner Check

4. Fluid Level Check

  • Verify that the power steering fluid level is within the appropriate indicated range, hot forthe 3.8L engine and cold for the 4.6L engine. Add Motorcraft MERCON Multi-PurposeATF XT-2-QDX or MERCON equivalent.

5. Air Bleeding

  • Verify that there is no air in the power steering system. Run the engine (6007) until itreaches normal operating temperature. Turn the steering wheel to the left and rightseveral times without hitting the stops. If any air bubbles are present, refer to Purging-CII Power Steering Pump or Purging-CIII Power Steering Pump in this section.

External Leak Check - Typical Power Rack-and-Pinion Steering Gear

6. External Leak Check


6. External Leak Check

  • With the ignition switch at OFF, wipe off the power steering pump, power steering hoses, power steering fluid cooler (3D746) and steering gear (3504).
  • With the engine running, turn the steering wheel from stop-to-stop several times. Do not hold steering wheel at stops. Check for leaks. Repair as necessary if leaks are observed.

7. Turning Effort Check

  • Refer to Turning Effort Test under Component Tests in this section.

8. Visually inspect for obvious signs of mechanical damage; refer to the following chart.

Visual Inspection Chart

Mechanical
  • Loose tie-rod ends

  • Loose suspension components

  • Loose steering column shaft universal joints

  • Loose column intermediate shaft bolts

  • Steering gear

  • Binding or misaligned steering column

  • Power steering pump

  • Bent or pinched power steering hoses

9. If an obvious cause for an observed or reported malfunction is found, correct the cause (if possible) before proceeding to the next step.

10. If the fault is not visually evident, determine the symptom and proceed to the following symptom chart.

    Symptom Chart
    Inspection and Verification CAUTION: Do not hold the steering wheel (3600) at the stops for an extended amount of time. Damage to the power steering pump (3A674) will result. NOTE: Make the followin ...

    System Flushing - CII Power Steering Pump
    Steering System (Description and Operation) The steering system has a typical rack-and-pinion design consisting of the following: Steering System Components - 3.8L Engine (CII Power Steering Pump) ...

    Other materials:

    Shock Absorber
    Wheel Studs Removal 1. Remove the wheel hub (1104). For additional information, refer to Wheel Hub and Bearing in this section. 2. Using a press, remove the wheel stud (1107) from the wheel hub. Installation 1. Using a press, install a new wheel stud. 2. I ...

    Restraints Control Module (RCM)
    Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) (Description and Operation) The air bag supplemental restraint system (SRS) is designed to provide increased collision protection for front seat occupants in addition to that provided by the three-point safety belt ...

    Removal
    Removal 1. Remove the differential housing cover (4033) and drain the rear axle (4001). For additional information, refer to Differential Housing Cover in this section. 2. CAUTION: Reinstall the differential pinion shaft (4211) and the bolt in the different ...