Ford Mustang (1999-2004) Service Manual: Component Tests

Steering Linkage

1. NOTE: Excessive vertical motion of the studs relative to the sockets may indicate excessive wear.

With the parking brake applied, perform the following:

  • Have an assistant rotate the steering wheel back and forth 360 degrees and watch for relative motion of the studs in the tie-rod end ball sockets.
  • Watch for loose steering gear mounting.

2. Another method is to raise the front wheels (1007) off the ground, grasp the wheel at the front and rear and watch for excessive play or binding in the joints while trying to steer the wheels.

3. Install new steering components as necessary. For additional information, refer to the appropriate Group 2 steering section.

Turning Effort Test

NOTE: Make sure that the front wheels are properly aligned and the tire pressure is correct before checking the effort.

1. Park the vehicle on dry concrete and set the parking brake.

2. Insert a thermometer into the power steering pump reservoir.

3. CAUTION: Do not hold the steering wheel against the stops for more than three to five seconds at a time. Damage to the power steering pump will occur.

Idle the engine for two to three minutes. Turn the steering wheel from stop-to-stop several times to warm the fluid to 50-60C (122-140F).

4. With the engine running, attach special tool 211-034 (T74P-3504-Y) to the rim of the steering wheel.

5. Measure the pull required to turn the steering wheel one complete revolution in each direction.

Refer to Steering Wheel Turning Effort under General Specifications in this section.

Pump Flow and Pressure Test

WARNING: Do not touch the flowmeter during the test procedure, or severe burns and serious injury may occur.

1. CAUTION: Make sure that the connection point will not interfere with any of the engine accessory drive components or drive belts.

Install special tool 211-F001 (014-00207) at the high pressure port of the power steering pump.

Make sure the power steering analyzer gate valve is fully open.

  • On some vehicles, the power steering pump high pressure port is inaccessible and the special tool should then be installed either at the steering gear or at a point in the high pressure line between the power steering pump and the steering gear.

2. Place a dial thermometer in the power steering pump reservoir.

3. Check the power steering fluid level. If necessary, add power steering fluid.

  • Use Motorcraft MERCON Multi-Purpose ATF XT-2-QDX or MERCON equivalent.

4. Install a digital tachometer.

5. CAUTION: Do not hold the steering wheel against the stops for more than three to five seconds at a time. Damage to the power steering pump will occur.

Start the engine. Place the transmission in neutral. Set the parking brake. Raise the power steering fluid temperature to 74-80C (165-175F) by rotating the steering wheel fully to the left and right several times.

6. Set the engine speed to 1500 rpm. Record the flow rate and pressure readings.

  • If the flow rate is below the flow rate specification, a new power steering pump may need to be installed. Continue with the test procedure.
  • If the pressure reading is above the maximum pressure specification, then check power steering hoses for kinks and restrictions.

7. Partially close the gate valve to obtain 750 psi. Set the engine speed at idle. Record the flow rate.

  • If the flow is less than the specified flow rate, then install a new power steering pump.

8. CAUTION: Do not allow the gate valve to remain closed for more than 5 seconds.

Completely close and partially open the gate valve 3 times. Record the pressure relief valve actuation pressure reading.

  • If the pressure does not meet the relief pressure specification, install a new power steering pump.

9. Set engine speed to 1500 rpm. Record the flow rate.

  • If the flow rate varies more than 3.785 liters/minute (1 gallon/minute) from the initial flow rate reading, install a new power steering pump.

10. CAUTION: Do not hold the steering wheel against the stops for more than three to five seconds at a time. Damage to the power steering pump will occur.

Set the engine speed at idle. Turn (or have an assistant turn) the steering wheel to the left and right stops. Record flow rate and pressure readings at the stops.

  • The pressure reading at both stops should be nearly the same as the maximum pump relief pressure.
  • The flow rate should drop below 1.9 liters/minute (0.5 gallons/minute).
  • If the pressure does not reach the maximum pump relief pressure or the flow rate does not drop below the specified value, excessive internal leakage is occurring. Install a new steering gear as necessary.

11. Turn (or have an assistant turn) the steering wheel slightly in both directions and release quickly while watching the pressure gauge.

  • The pressure reading should move from the normal back pressure reading and snap back as the steering wheel is released.
  • If the pressure returns slowly or sticks, the rotary valve in the steering gear is sticking or the steering column is binding. Check the steering column and linkages before servicing the steering gear.

Tie-Rod Articulation Torque

1. NOTE: This check may be done with the steering gear on or off the vehicle.

Disconnect the tie-rod end from the front wheel spindle. 2. Move the front wheel spindle tie-rod back and forth three times.

3. Hook the special tool 211-034 (T74P-3504-Y) over the tie-rod end or the threaded portion of the front wheel spindle tie-rod and measure the force required to move the front wheel spindle tierod.

Refer to Tie-Rod Articulation Torque in General Specifications in this section.

4. If the force required to move the front wheel spindle tie-rod does not meet the specifications, install a new front wheel spindle tie-rod.

Steering Gear Valve

1. With the vehicle in motion, place the transmission in NEUTRAL and turn the engine OFF.

  • If the vehicle does not pull with the engine OFF, install a new steering gear.

2. If the vehicle pulls with the engine OFF, cross-switch the front wheels.

3. If the vehicle pulls to the opposite side, cross-switch the front and rear wheels on the same side.

4. If the vehicle pull direction does not change, check the front suspension components, wheel alignment and frame alignment.

    Symptom Chart
    Condition Possible Sources Action Hard Steering or Lack of Assist Seized lower steering column shaft U-joints. Damaged, fractured steering column bearin ...

    System Flushing - CII Power Steering Pump
    WARNING: Do not mix oil types. Any mixture or any unapproved oil can lead to seal deterioration and leaks. A leak can ultimately cause loss of fluid, which can result in a loss of power steering ass ...

    Other materials:

    Pressure Relief
    Special Tool(s) Fuel Pressure Gauge 310-012 (T80L-9974-B) WARNING: Do not smoke or carry lighted tobacco or open flame of any type when working on or near any fuel-related components. Highly flammable mixtures are always present and may be ig ...

    Fastening the safety belts
    The front outboard and rear safety restraints in your vehicle are combination lap and shoulder belts. The presenter arm (available on the coupe only) is intended to improve access to the safety belt and to allow access to the rear seat. Rotate the presenter ...

    Fuse specification chart
    Power Distribution Box WARNING: Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current fuses. WARNING: To reduce risk of electrical shock, always replace the cover to the power distribution box before reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs ...