Ford Mustang (1999-2004) Service Manual: Functionality

With the ignition switch in the RUN position, voltage is applied through the warning indicator I circuit 904 (LG/RD) to the voltage regulator. This turns the regulator on, allowing current to flow from battery sense A circuit 36 (YE/WH) to the generator field coil. When the engine is started, the generator begins to generate alternating current (AC) which is internally converted to direct current (DC). This current is then supplied to the vehicle's electrical system through the output (B+) terminal of the generator.

Once the generator begins generating current, a voltage signal is taken from the generator stator and fed back to the regulator internally. This voltage feedback signal (typically half the battery voltage) is used to turn off the warning indicator.

With the system functioning normally, the generator output current is determined by the voltage of the A circuit. The A circuit voltage is compared to a set voltage internal to the regulator, and the regulator controls the generator field current to maintain the correct generator output.

The set voltage will vary with temperature and is typically higher in cold temperatures and lower in warm temperatures. This allows for better battery recharge in the winter and reduces the chance of overcharging in the summer.

Battery Positive Output Circuit 38 (B+) (BK/OG)

The generator output is supplied through the battery positive output (B+) terminal on the back of the generator to the battery and electrical system.

I Circuit 904 (LG/RD)

The I (ignition) circuit is used to turn on the voltage regulator. This circuit is powered up with the ignition key in the run position. This circuit is also used to turn the charging system warning indicator on if there is a fault in the charging system operation.

A Circuit 36 (YE/WH)

The A circuit or battery sense circuit is used to sense battery voltage. This voltage is used by the regulator to determine generator output. This circuit is used to supply current to the generator field (rotor). The amount of current supplied to the rotor will determine generator output.

    Charging System (Diagnosis and Testing)
    Refer to Wiring Diagrams Cell 12 , Charging System for schematic and connector information. Special Tool(s) 73III Automotive Meter 105-R0057 or equivalent SABRE Premium B ...

    Inspection and Verification
    WARNING: Batteries contain sulfuric acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes, or clothing. Also, shield your eyes when working near batteries to protect against possible splashing of the acid so ...

    Other materials:

    Runout Check - Brake Disc and Hub
    Special Tool(s) Brake Measurement Kit 134-R0199 or equivalent Material Item Specification High Temperature Nickel Anti- Seize Lubricant F6AZ-9L494-AA ESE-M12A4- A CAUTION: The brake disc (1126) runout specification must ...

    Pedal and Bracket
    Removal 1. Disconnect the battery ground cable (14301). 2. Remove the stoplight switch retaining pin. 3. Slide the stoplight switch (13480) and booster push rod from the brake pedal pin. 4. Remove the brake pedal bracket retaining bolt. 5. Remove the ...

    1. Disconnect the electrical connectors from the EGR vacuum regulator solenoid, the supercharger bypass vacuum solenoid, and the differential pressure feedback EGR system. 2. Disconnect the vacuum hoses from the differential pressure feedback EGR sy ...