Ford Mustang (1999-2004) Service Manual: Pinpoint Test E: LFC 15/DTC B1916 - Driver Air Bag Circuit Shorted to Battery or Ignition

Normal Operation

The restraints control module (RCM) checks for driver air bag circuit shorts to battery or ignition by monitoring the voltage of circuit 614 (GY/OG) and 615 (GY/WH) at pins 3 and 4. If the RCM detects a short to battery or ignition on either of these pins, it will store a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) B1916 in memory and flash a lamp fault code (LFC) 15 (or higher priority code if one exists) on the air bag indicator.

Possible Causes

A driver air bag circuit short to battery or ignition can be caused by:

  • a short to battery or ignition on circuit 614 (GY/OG).
  • a short to battery or ignition on circuit 615 (GY/WH).
  • a short to battery or ignition on the clockspring.
  • a short to battery or ignition on the driver air bag module.
  • an RCM internal concern.

PINPOINT TEST E: LFC 15/DTC B1916 - DRIVER AIR BAG CIRCUIT SHORTED TO BATTERY OR IGNITION

Test Step Result / Action to Take
E1 CHECK FOR A HARD OR INTERMITTENT DTC Yes

This is a hard fault.

The fault condition is still present. This fault cannot be cleared until it is corrected and the DTC is no longer retrieved during the on-demand self test. GO to E2 .

No

This in an intermittent fault.

The fault condition is not present at this time. GO to E5 .

  • Key in OFF position.
  • Connect the diagnostic tool. Scan Tool
  • Key in ON position.
  • Enter the following diagnostic mode on the diagnostic tool: Retrieve/Clear Continuous DTCs.
  • Retrieve and record any continuous DTCs for use later in this pinpoint test.
  • Enter the following diagnostic mode on the diagnostic tool: On- Demand Self Test.
  • Was DTC B1916 retrieved during the on-demand self test?
E2 CHECK THE DRIVER AIR BAG MODULE Yes

GO to E3 .

No

INSTALL a new driver air bag module. GO to E6 .

WARNING: If the supplemental restraint system (SRS) is being serviced, the system must be deactivated and restraint system diagnostic tools must be installed. Refer to Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) in this section.

The air bag restraint system diagnostic tools must be removed and the air bag modules reconnected when the system is reactivated to avoid non-deployment in a collision, resulting in possible personal injury.

NOTE: Diagnostics or repairs are not to be performed on a seat equipped with a seat side air bag with the seat in the vehicle. Prior to attempting to diagnose or repair a seat concern when equipped with a seat side air bag, the seat must be removed from the vehicle and the restraint system diagnostic tools must be installed in the seat side air bag electrical connectors. The restraint system diagnostic tools must be removed prior to operating the vehicle over the road.

NOTE: After diagnosing or repairing an SRS, the restraint system diagnostic tools must be removed before operating the vehicle over the road. NOTE: After diagnosing or repairing a seat system, the restraint system diagnostic tools must be removed before operating the vehicle over the road.

NOTE: The SRS must be fully operational and free of faults before releasing the vehicle to the customer.

  • Key in OFF position.
  • Deactivate the system. Refer to Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) in the Diagnosis and Testing portion of this section.
  • Key in OFF position.
  • Key in ON position.
  • Enter the following diagnostic mode on the diagnostic tool: On- Demand Self Test.
  • Was DTC B1916 retrieved?
E3 CHECK THE DRIVER AIR BAG MODULE CIRCUIT Yes

INSTALL a new RCM. GO to E6 .

No

GO to E4 .

  • Key in OFF position.
  • Disconnect: Driver Air Bag Module Restraint System Diagnostic Tool.
  • Disconnect: RCM C2041.
  • Key in ON position.
  • NOTE: Do not separate or remove shorting bars from RCM C2041.
  • Measure the voltage between RCM C2041 pin 3, circuit 614 (GY/OG), harness side and ground; and between RCM C2041 pin 4, circuit 615 (GY/WH), harness side.

  • Are the voltages less than 0.2 volt?
E4 CHECK THE DRIVER AIR BAG MODULE WIRING AND THE CLOCKSPRING Yes

REPAIR as necessary. GO to E6 .

No

GO to E6 .

  • Disconnect: Clockspring C218b.
  • Inspect all crimps, terminals, wires and connectors in circuit 614 (GY/OG) feeding the RCM pin 3, circuit 615 (GY/WH) feeding pin 4, and the clockspring C218b. Check for pinched wires and damaged connector pin terminals.
  • Was any damage found?
E5 CHECK FOR AN INTERMITTENT FAULT Yes

CHECK for causes of intermittent short to battery or ignition on circuit 614 (GY/OG), circuit 615 (GY/WH), and the clockspring assembly. Attempt to recreate the hard fault by flexing the wire harness and cycling the ignition key frequently.

REPAIR any intermittent concerns found. GO to E6 .

No

GO to E6 .

  • Refer to the continuous DTCs recorded during Step E1.
  • Was the continuous DTC retrieved during Step E1 an intermittent fault?
E6 CHECK FOR ADDITIONAL DTCs Yes

Do not clear any DTCs until all DTCs have been resolved. GO to the Restraints Control Module (RCM) Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Priority Table in this section for pinpoint test direction.

No

RECONNECT the system.

REACTIVATE the system. PROVE OUT the system.

REFER to Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) in this section. CLEAR all DTCs.

  • Refer to continuous DTCs recorded during Step E1.
  • Were any continuous DTCs retrieved during Step E1?
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