Ford Mustang Service Manual: Vacuum Control Motor - Air Damper Door

Control Components (Description and Operation)

Manual A/C

The climate control system heats or cools the vehicle interior depending on the function selector position and the temperature selected. Function selector position determines heating or cooling and air distribution. The temperature blend control setting determines air temperature.

The manual climate control components are used to:

  • select air inlet source (outside or recirculated).
  • select blower motor speed.
  • select discharge air temperature (temperature blend).
  • select discharge air location (defrost, panel, floor).
  • select A/C compressor clutch operation.

Component Locations

 


 

Control System Inputs


Control System Inputs

Climate Control Assembly

The climate control assembly has three system controls:

  • The blower motor switch controls blower motor speed by adding or bypassing resistors in the heater blower motor resistor.
  • The temperature selection is accomplished with a manually-controlled blend door actuator that controls positioning of the temperature blend door. Movement of the control knob (18519) from COOL (blue) to WARM (red) causes a corresponding movement on the air temperature control door and determines the temperature that the system will maintain.
  • The A/C heater function selector switch combines a vacuum selector valve for direct control of the vacuum control motors and electrical input to the instrument control module.

Control System Outputs

Blower Motor Switch Resistor

The heater blower motor switch resistor has the following features:

  • The assembly is located on the passenger side of the plenum assembly behind the glove compartment (06010).
  • Three resistance elements are mounted on the resistor board to provide four A/C blower motor speeds.
  • Depending on the heater blower motor switch position, series resistance is added or bypassed in the A/C blower motor circuit to decrease or increase A/C blower motor speed.
  • An overheating protective device (thermal limiter) will open the resistor coil circuit when the temperature reaches 105-110C (221-230F), interrupting the blower motor operation in all speeds except HI.
  • The thermal limiter cannot be reset and is not serviceable.

Control Actuators

Temperature Control Cable

The temperature control cable (19988) has the following features:

  • The cable assembly has a constant tension (pull-pull) dual cable design.
  • The pull-pull design allows for constant smooth communication between the temperature control knob and the air temperature blend door.
  • The control cable can only be installed as an assembly.

Vacuum Control Motors

The vacuum control motors (18A318) control the position of the doors directing the air flow to the different outlets. There are two types of vacuum control motors used in this system:

  • Single-diaphragm for air inlet and windshield defroster door operations.
  • Double-diaphragm for air damper door operations.

Single-diaphragm motors have two positions:

  • Shaft extended with no vacuum applied.
  • Shaft retracted with vacuum applied.

Double-diaphragm motors have three positions:

  • Shaft extended with no vacuum applied to either port.
  • Shaft halfway retracted with vacuum applied to only one port.
  • Shaft fully retracted with vacuum applied to both ports.
    Vacuum Control Motor - Air Inlet Duct Door
    Control Components (Description and Operation) Manual A/C The climate control system heats or cools the vehicle interior depending on the function selector position and the temperature selected. Func ...

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