Ford Mustang (1999-2004) Service Manual: Analysis of Vibration

WARNING: A vehicle equipped with a Traction-Lok differential will always have both wheels driving. If only one wheel is raised off the floor and the rear axle is driven by the engine, the wheel on the floor could drive the vehicle off the stand or jack. Be sure both rear wheels are off the floor.

Few vibration conditions are caused by the rear axle. On a vibration concern, follow the diagnosis procedure in Section unless there is a good reason to suspect the axle.


WARNING: Do not balance the wheels and tires while they are mounted on the vehicle.

Possible tire disintegration/differential failure could result, causing personal injury/extensive component damage. Use an off-vehicle wheel and tire balancer only.

Most vibration in the rear end is caused by tires or driveline angle.

Vibration is a concern with modern, high-mileage tires if they are not "true" both radially and laterally.

They are more susceptible to vibration around the limits of radial and lateral runout of the tire and wheel assembly. They also require more accurate balancing. Wheel and tire runout checks, truing and balancing are normally done before axle inspection.

Driveline Angle

Driveline angularity is the angular relationship between the engine crankshaft (6303), the driveshaft, and the rear axle pinion. Factors determining driveline angularity include ride height, rear spring, and engine mounts.

    Inspection and Verification
    Certain axle noise or vibration symptoms are also common to the engine, transmission, wheel bearings, tires, and other parts of the vehicle. For this reason, be sure that the cause of the trouble is ...

    Driveline Angle
      Item Description 1 Bottom of the frame 2 Engine crankshaft centerline 3 Engine angle 4 Driveshaft and coupling shaft centerline 5 Driveshaft an ...

    Other materials:

      1. CAUTION: Hand tighten the special tool to prevent gear damage. CAUTION: Support the output shaft while using the press to prevent damage to the shaft or gears. Using the special tool and a press, remove first gear, the output shaft rear bearing ...

    Cooler - Fluid
    Removal 1. Raise and support the vehicle. 2. Disconnect the power steering hoses. 3. Remove the bolt and routing bracket. 4. Remove the bolts and the power steering fluid cooler. Installation 1. To install, reverse the removal procedure. 2. Fill and ...

    Supply Manifold
    Removal WARNING: Do not smoke or carry lighted tobacco or open flame of any type when working on or near any fuel related components. Highly flammable mixtures are always present and can ignite. Failure to follow these instructions can result in personal in ...