Ford Mustang (1999-2004) Service Manual: Headlamp Adjustment

Headlamp Aiming

1. The headlamp aiming procedure depends on the type of beam pattern the headlamp is equipped with. Vehicles may come equipped with visual optical right (VOR), visual optical left (VOL), or SAE only (includes sealed beam type) headlamps. To identify the headlamp beam pattern, look on the headlamp lens. Molded in small letters on the headlamp lens is one of the following:

  • SAE
  • VOR or SAE
  • VOL or SAE

2. Once the headlamp beam pattern is identified, aim the headlamps using one of the following methods as applicable.

  • Photometric aimers can aim SAE, VOR and VOL type headlamps. This is the preferred method of headlamp aiming.
  • Visual or screen method aiming can be used to aim SAE, VOR and VOL type headlamps.
  • Mechanical aimers can be used only with SAE type headlamps. Lamps that can be aimed mechanically will have three nibs molded into the lens of the lamp.

Photometric Aiming

1. For the photometric aiming procedure, refer to the appropriate photometric headlamp aimer instruction manual.

Screen Method Aiming

All headlamp types

NOTE: Horizontal aim is not necessary for VOR or VOL headlamps.

NOTE: Consult your state vehicle inspection manual for recommended tolerance ranges for visual aiming.

NOTE: The sight shield may need to be positioned or removed for access to the adjusters.

1. Before starting headlamp adjustment:

  • Check the tire inflation.
  • Check that no other load is in the vehicle other than a half tank of fuel.
  • Check that the headlamps are clean.
  • Check for correct headlamp operation.
  • Check that the vehicle is on level ground.
  • If the vehicle is equipped with air suspension, make sure that the switch is on.

2. NOTE: The vertical wall or screen must be a minimum of 2.4 meters (8 feet) wide.

Park the vehicle on a level surface approximately 7.6 meters (25 feet) from the vertical wall or screen directly in front of it.

Screen Method Aiming

3. NOTE: The center of the lamp is marked by a 3 mm (0.12 in) circle on the headlamp lens.

Mark a horizontal reference line on the vertical wall or screen.

1. Measure the center of the headlamp height to ground and record.

2. Make a 2.4 meter (8 foot) horizontal mark (masking tape) on the vertical wall or screen at the same distance from the ground as previously recorded.

Screen Method Aiming

4. NOTE: This procedure should be done in a dark environment to effectively see the headlamp beam pattern.

Turn on the low beam headlamps to illuminate the wall or screen and open the hood.

5. NOTE: For SAE type headlamps, the appearance of the beam pattern may vary between vehicles.

On the wall or screen, locate the high intensity area of the beam pattern. Place the top edge of the high intensity zone even with the horizontal reference line.

VOR type headlamps

6. NOTE: The appearance of the VOR beam pattern may vary between vehicles.

Identify at the top edge of this high intensity area a distinct horizontal cutoff in the beam pattern.

If the top edge of this cutoff is not even with the horizontal reference line, the headlamp beam will need to be adjusted.

VOR type headlamps

VOL type headlamps

7. For VOL type headlamps, there will be a distinct cutoff in the left portion of the beam pattern.

The edge of this cutoff should be positioned 50.2 mm (2 in) below the horizontal reference line.

1. Horizontal reference line.

2. Top edge of the beam pattern.

3. High intensity zone.

VOL type headlamps

Mechanical Aiming

1. For the mechanical aiming procedure, refer to the appropriate mechanical headlamp aimer instruction manual.

    Reversing Lamps
    Refer to Wiring Diagrams Cell 93 , Backup Lamps for schematic and connector information. Special Tool(s) 73III Automotive Meter or equivalent 105-R0057 Inspection and Verification ...

    Bulb - Headlamp
    Removal WARNING: The halogen bulb contains gas under pressure. The bulb may shatter if the glass envelope is scratched or if the bulb is dropped. Handle the bulb only by its base. Grasp the bul ...

    Other materials:

    Accessory Drive Belt Tensioner - 4.6L (2V) and (4V)
    Removal and Installation Mach I 1. Remove the air intake scoop. For additional information, refer to Section. Cobra 2. Remove the supercharger drive belt cover. 3. Rotate the supercharger belt tensioner clockwise and remove the supercharger belt. 4. Remov ...

    Diagnosis By Symptom
    Special Tool(s) Transmission Fluid Pressure Gauge 307-004 (T57L-77820-A) Air Test Plate, Transmission 307-246 (T92P-7006-A) Breakout Box, EEC-V Control System 418-049 (T94L-50-EEC-V) or equivalent MLP- ...

    Headlamps
    Refer to Wiring Diagrams Cell 85 , Headlamps for schematic and connector information. Special Tool(s) 73III Automotive Meter or equivalent 105-R0057 Inspection and Verification 1. Verify the customer concern by operating the headlamps. ...