Ford Mustang (1999-2004) Service Manual: Installation

All axles

1. Position the ring gear and the differential case. Align the bolt holes by starting two bolts through the holes in the differential case and the ring gear. Press the ring gear on the differential case.

Differential Case

2. Install the bolts.

  • Apply Stud and Bearing Mount EOAZ-19554-BA or equivalent meeting Ford specification WSK-M2G349-A1 to the bolt threads.

Differential Case

3. With the pinion depth set and the pinion installed, place the differential assembly in the differential housing.

Differential Case

4. Install a differential bearing shim on the left side.

Differential Case

5. CAUTION: Always install the bearing caps in their identical locations and positions.

NOTE: Apply pressure toward the left side to make sure the left differential bearing cup seats correctly.

Install the left bearing cap and loosely install the bolts.

Differential Case

6. Install progressively larger differential bearing shims on the right side until the largest shim selected is installed by hand.

Differential Case

7. Install the right side bearing cap and tighten the left side and right side bolts to specification.

Differential Case

8. Rotate the differential assembly several times to verify that the differential bearings have seated correctly.

Differential Case

Measuring backlash

9. Using the special tools, measure the ring gear backlash.

  • If backlash is within the specification, refer to Backlash within specification in this procedure. The specification shown is the full allowable range. For the preferred range, refer to Specifications in this section.
  • If a zero backlash condition occurs, refer to Zero backlash in this procedure.
  • If backlash is not within the specification, refer to Backlash not within specification in this procedure.

Measuring backlash

Measuring backlash

 

Measuring backlash

Zero backlash

10. If a zero backlash condition occurs, remove the bearing caps and add 0.51 mm (0.020 inch) to the RH side and subtract 0.51 mm (0.020 inch) from the LH side to allow backlash indication.

Zero backlash

11. Install the bearing caps and the bolts.

Zero backlash

12. Rotate the differential assembly several times to verify that the differential bearings have seated correctly.

Zero backlash

13. Measure the backlash. Refer to Measuring backlash in this procedure.

Backlash not within specification

14. To increase or decrease the backlash, remove the bearing caps and install a thicker shim and thinner shim accordingly.

  • If backlash is not within the specification, increase the thickness of one differential bearing shim and decrease the thickness of the other differential bearing shim by the same amount.

Zero backlash

15. Install the bearing caps and the bolts.

Zero backlash

16. Rotate the differential several times to verify that the differential bearings have seated correctly.

Zero backlash

17. Using the special tools, recheck the backlash.

  • If backlash is within the specification, go to Backlash within specification in this procedure. If backlash is not within the specification, repeat Backlash not within specification in this procedure.
  • The specification shown is the full allowable range. For the preferred range, refer to Specifications in this section.

Zero backlash

Backlash within specification

18. Remove the bolts and bearing caps.

19. Set the differential bearing preload.

1. To establish differential bearing preload, increase both left and right differential bearing shim sizes by the specification shown.

2. Using the special tool, fully seat the differential bearing shims. Make sure the assembly rotates freely.

Backlash within specification

 

Backlash within specification

20. Install the bearing caps and bolts.

Backlash within specification

21. Using the special tools, recheck the backlash.

  • The specification shown is the full allowable range. For the preferred range, refer to Specifications in this section.

Backlash within specification

22. Install the axle shafts. For additional information, refer to Axle Shaft in this section.

23. Install the differential housing cover and refill the rear axle with specified lubricant. For additional information, refer to Differential Housing Cover in this section.

24. Lower the vehicle.

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